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Flashcards in 11.3 human emotion Deck (20)
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stages or emotional experience

1 initial response stage
2 autonomic response stage
3 emotion response stage
4 emotional regulation stage


initial response stage

take 150ms for an emotional response to a stimulus
amygdala-this structure responds to sexually arousing info (visual and audio)


Autonomic response stage

bodies physiological reaction
if something is seen as a threat we rather our physiological resources to deal with the stimulus by increasing bodies biological systems
-sympathetic nervous system increases heart rate, run away, or phsycially expresses joy and excitement
-parasympathetic nervous- if we think something is a threat but isnt or something great is going to happen but doesnt then we can turn off the system that creates the arousal


emotion response stage

if we encounter a stimulus that is emotionally meaningful we need to generate useful response to that stimulus
being in a heightened state of physical arousal will make our actions quicker and more force behind them


emotional regulation stage

develop a conscious understanding as to the source of the emotion reaction represented by the previous stages of this sequence
frontal lobes are responsible for higher level cognitive processes also known as thoughts
they use perceptual info about our enviro and awareness of our physiological state to harness our state of arousal in the cleverest way possible


theories of emotion
james lange theory

when we encounter an emotionally charged stimulus our brain generates a physiological response and we become cognitively aware of this heightened arousal and we conclude that we are in one or another emotional state
-encountering a tarantula will generate a physiological response that our minds will then asses as threatening we will then identify this states as fear


theories of emotion
the cannon bard theory

some of the organs that are important for arousal responses are not able to respond fast enough to serve as the first response to emotional stimuli, they also suggested they also suggested that the variety of emotion we experience is to broad for them to originate nearly from states of physiological arousal
it is the brains interpretation of the current situation or thoughts that stimulate the physiological responses associated with different emotional experiences
-encountering a tarantula will cause us to both think and feel thats scary and then we will generate the physiological response
states happen soo quickly that are though to be at the same time


facial feed back hypothesis

we can actually convince our minds that we are in a positive (or negative) emotional state, simply by smiling (or frowning)
-studies have revealed that ppl who numb their facial nerves with botox also report a reduction in the intensity of their emotional experiences


all evidence suggest that it is possible for us to misattribute the true source of our arousal

temp of drink we hold can determine whether they feel positively or negatively about another person


Stanley schachter and Jerome singer

emotion is best guess of the source of our physiological state is refinement of james lange theory
-two factor theory


theories of emotion
two factor theory

the emotional experience
stimulus perceived by accompanied by physiological response
cognitive appraisal
consious feeling of fear


the schachter and singer experiment

three groups of participants were injected with epinephrine to raise their arousal level
The informed group- informed that their state was a consequence of the injection they received
the ignorant group-was not informed about the cause of their physiological arousal
the misinformed group-was falsely told that the injection cause numbness, itchiness, and a mild headache
control group- a fourth group received a saline injection that has no affect on physiological arousal

ignorant condition-matched the actor behaviour
informed and control-not influenced


UBC bridge study

one group of male participants walked across this bridge before completing a test with an attractive female researcher
when completing the test, the participants who crossed the scary bridge told stories with more sexually explicated themes than the participants who crossed the other bridge
at the end of the test, the researcher handed the participant her phone number. only 12.5% of the participants who crossed the non-scary bridge gave her a call whereas 50% of participants who crossed the scary bridge called her


the polygraph machine

if people lie it catches increase heart rate and perspiration
however in embarrassing questions people arousal can rise when they are telling the truth


micro expressions

it might be possible to detect lies based on a person's initial facial expression, before they have time to hide their intention to deceive but , probably not


Paul ekman

facial expressions help determine our emotions
facial expressions may be innately acquired because they provided survival benefits for our distant ancestors
the disgust reaction actually reduces the amount of air that enters our nasal cavity, whereas the surprise reaction increases air intake
ekman demonstrated striking cross-cultural consistency for emotional expressions associated with six basic emotions
-papua new guinea had not difficulty identify the facial expressions of his american models. Us ppl had no problem identifying the facial expressino of ppl from new guinea


body language

emotional expression


emotional dialects

differences in emotional expression tendencies across cultures


display rules

the contexts in which members of a culture consider expressing emotions to be appropriate
US ppl view it as more acceptable to express embarrassment than Japanese individuals


the essential components to emotional experiences

brain activity physiological arousal
a conscious experience or thought
a behavioural expression

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