10.4 adult developement Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 10.4 adult developement Deck (22)
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1

young adulthood ages

18-40

2

middle adulthood ages

40-65

3

older adulthood ages

65 +

4

dimensions that determine a successful transition into adult roles

1. social relationships
2. managing new freedoms
3. overcoming new challenges

5

for women diff in young and middle adulthood

menopause
(mens are less dramatic)
-declines in testosterone and declines in sex drive

6

some complications associated with menopause

-estrogen levels drop significantly which can cause hot flashes
-lower interest in sex
-extreme emotional reactions

7

the risk of developing a neurodegenerative condition increases in older adulthood

ex. dementia -affects 14% of individuals over age 71
alzheimer's disease - make up 10% of dementia cases involves progressive worsening, and ultimately fatal, brain damage

8

dementia

involves a serious disruption in mental functioning, memory difficulties, and impairments in judgment and decision making

9

Alzheimer's disease

-build up of beta amyloid bw neurons (forming amyloid plaques)
-tangles of tau proteins within neurons (forming neurofibrillary tangles)

10

fluid intelligence

the capacity for new learning, speed of info processing, and the ability to adapt comfortably to new challenges and situations
(declines gradually with age)

11

crystallized intelligence

the ability to use previously acquired knowledge and skill
does not decline with age very much

12

factors that minimize declines in fluid intelligence

-staying physically active
-maintaining rewarding social relationships
-sticking to a healthy diet
-engaging in mentally challenging activities

13

erik erikson

8 crisis

14

8 crisis

1. trust vs. mistrust in infancy
2.automomy vs. sham/doubt in toddlerhood
3. initiative vs. guilt in early childhood
4. industry vs. inferiority in later childhood
5. identity vs. role confusion in adolescence
6. intimacy vs. isolation in early adulthood
7. generativity vs. stagnation in middle adulthood
8. ego integrity vs. despair during older adulthood

15

there are advantages to finding a long term committed relationship during adulthood

members of couples: have sex more often, are more physically active, eat healthier
**as long as the culture is accepting, being a member of a committed, but unmarried, couple provides the same health benefits as being a member of a married couple

16

divorce rates are high

in Canada about 40 percent of marriages end in divorce
a major culprit seems to be poor communication strategies

17

the four horsemen of the apocalypse

criticism
defensiveness
contempt
stonewalling

18

child raising is difficult and stressfull

time consuming
expensive
hard work
stressfull

19

ppl are happiest in their marriages..

-before they have children
-and after their children leave home

20

limitations and special challenges come with old age

and depression is a risk when limitations reduce physical activity and social interactions
despite these challenges, despair is not the norm and there is some evidence to suggest that older ppl are happier than younger ones

21

older adults seem to be more biased than younger ppl to remember ______ over _______ info.

positive
negative

22

the onset of adulthood varies and is culturally defined

-the hamar tribe of Ethiopia marks males' transition to adulthood with a cow jumping ritual
-in North america, high school grad is often viewed as a point of transition into adulthood
-in japan, seijin shiki (coming of age day) serves a purpose that is similar to North american grad ceremonies
-Bat/Bar Mitzvah ceremony
-tacuna tribe of South america, the rite of passage for female members occurs at first menstruation
-rite of passage for Fulani males requires victory in a whipping competition

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