102 USMC History Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 102 USMC History Deck (58)
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1

The Marine corps was created on

10 NOV 1775, in TUN tavern Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by a resolution of Congress. Capt Samuel Nicholas raised two battalions.

2

1st Commandant of the USMC

Capt Samuel Nicholas

3

What year did the USMC fall under the Dept of the Navy?

1834

4

What year was the national security act created?

1947

5

What year was the national security Act of 1947 amended?

1952, to present

6

What year was the first Marine beach landing?

1776

7

What was the uniform of the day in 1776?

A thick leather stock worn around the neck, "leatherneck"

8

Where was the first beach landing?

New Providence island, Bahamas. Marines seized guns and supplies.

9

What happened in 1805?

Marines stormed the barbary pirates strong hold at Burma, "on the shores of Tripoli". Marines raised the stars and strips for the first time in the Eastern hemisphere

10

What happened in 1847?

During the Mexican war, Marines occupied the Halls of Montezuma" during the battle of Chupultpec In Mexico City. The royal palace fell to invading Marines whom were the first to enter the capital. Marines also help take California.

11

What happened in 1859?

Under the command of Col Robert E Lee (USArmy) Marines stormed the United States arsenal at Harper's Ferry to out down an attempted slave revolt. Led by abolishist John Brown

12

What happened in 1868?

Marines adopted the EGA, by 7th Commandant Brigadier General Jacob Zeilen whom modified the British Marine emblem to depict Marines as both American and Maritime.

13

What does the eagle, globe, and anchor represent?

The eagle represents the nation itself, the globe represents worldwide service, the anchor represents sea traditions.

14

What happened in 1883?

The motto of the Marine corps was established. "Semper Fidelis" Always faithful was created. Also commonly known as Semper Fi.

15

What happened in 1900?

In support of forgein policy. Marines for ships in the Asiatic station defended the American legation in Peking, China during the Chinese boxer rebellion.

16

What happened in 1913?

The Marine corps aviation was established, Major Alfred A Cunningham was the first USMC pilot.

17

Who was the first USMC pilot?

Major Alfred A Cunningham

18

What happened in 1917?

Marines landed as part of the American force in France. They participated in 8 destinct operations, and we're awarded a number of decerations. One being the French fourragere still worn by the 5th and 6th Marines.

19

In 1917, Marines participated in how many distinct operations?

8

20

Whom still wears the French fourragere?

The 5th and 6th marinea

21

What happened in 1933?

The Marines corps was reorganized into the Fleet Marine Force. Established the command and administration relations between the Fleet and the Corps. The Marine corps board was established in Quantico,VA. Marines began testing and devopling new materials for landing operations.

22

Where was the Marine equipment board established?

Quantico, VA

23

What happened in 1965?

Marines entered the longest war, the participated in long scale offenses. And also participated in a pacification campginan to win the hearts and minds on the people. They also stop a coup in the Donovan reblic

24

Marines deployed to Lebanon as part of a multinational peacekeeping force in...?

1982

25

What is important about 23 OCTOBER 1983

A suicide truck bomb attack on the HQ building killed 241 Americans and wounded 70 others

26

When did the last Marine unit withdraw from Lebanon?

JUL of 1984

27

Operation Desert Storm launched in?

January of 1991

28

Operation Enduring freedom launched in?

2001

29

Operation Enduring freedom was under the umbrella of the ?

Global war on terrorism (GWOT)

30

When did early combat operations occur for operation Enduring freedom?

7 OCTOBER 2001