01) Project Management Framework Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 01) Project Management Framework Deck (35)
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What is the definition of a project?

Temporary Creates a unique product, service, or result


What is operational work?

Ongoing work to support the business and systems of the organization


What is the definition of a program?

Program: A group of interrelated projects, managed in a coordinated way


What is the definition of a portfolio?

Portfolio: A group of programs, individual projects, and related operational work to achieve a specific strategic business goal


What is organizational project management (OPM)?

A framework for keeping the organization focused on its overall strategy


What are the benefits of organizational project management (OPM)?

Provides direction for how portfolios, programs, projects, and other organizational work should be prioritized, managed, executed, and measured to best achieve the firm's strategic goals


What is OPM3?

A PMI model designed to help organizations determine their level of maturity in project management


What is a project management office (PMO)?

A department that centralizes and standardizes the management of projects


What are three possible formats for a PMO?

- Supportive - Controlling - Directive


What are project constraints?

- Time - Cost - Risk - Scope - Quality - Resources - Customer satisfaction Constraints are used to help evaluate competing demands


Who are project stakeholders?

Anyone whose interests may be positively or negatively impacted by the project, including: - Project Manager - Customer - Sponsor - Performing organization - Other departments or groups within the organization - Team members - Team members' functional or operational managers - Sellers - Funding sources - End users - PMO a


What are three primary forms of organizational structure?

- Functional - Projectized - Matrix


What is a functional organization?

The organization is grouped by areas of specialization (e.g., accounting, marketing)


What is a projectized organization?

- The organization is grouped by project - The team has no department to go to at project end - The project manager has total control of the resources


What is a matrix organization?

A blend of functional and projectized organization where the team members have two bosses (the project manager and functional manager)


What is a strong matrix organization?

A matrix organization where the balance of power rests with the project manager instead of functional manager


What is a weak matrix organization?

A matrix organization where the balance of power rests with the functional manager instead of the project manager


What role might the project manager play in a weak matrix?

A project expediter or project coordinator


What is a balanced matrix organization?

A matrix organization where power is equally balanced between the project manager and the functional manager


What is a project-based organization?

A temporary framework for projects created to circumvent any obstacles inherent in the organization's existing structure (whether functional, projectized, or matrix)


What are enterprise environmental factors?

The organization's culture and existing systems that the project will have to deal with or can make use of


When are enterprise environmental factors used?

They are used throughout the project management process


What are organizational process assets?

- Company processes and procedures - Historical information - Lessons learned


When are organizational process assets used?

They are used throughout the project management process


What is historical information?

- Records of past projects, including lessons learned, used to plan and manage future projects - Records of the current project that will become part of organizational process assets


What is a project management information system?

The automated system to submit and track changes and monitor and control project activities


What do lessons learned describe?

What went right, what went wrong, and what would be done differently if the project could be redone


How are lessons learned used?

- Used in planning the project - Used by other projects in the future


What is work performance data?

Measurements and details about activities gathered during project work (executing)


What is work performance information?

Work performance data analyzed to make sure it conforms to the project management plan and to assess what it means for the project as a whole